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ETF Academy Investment portfolio

Video: Investment Portfolio

Ahmet Dagli

ETFs are ideal for portfolio construction, especially for smaller individual investors seeking the advantages of large institutional investors.

Risk profiles of an investment portfolio

When constructing a portfolio, your starting point is your risk appetite. How well would you sleep if your portfolio just lost 10% in a day? Would you remain invested if it dropped 40%? We typically work with three broad risk profiles, which match most investors:

Risk profile types of portfolio

                                    Three risk profiles of an investment portfolio

  1. Low-risk profile
  2. Medium-risk profile
  3. High-risk profile

A balanced investment portfolio

You will find that ETFs have advantages when building a balanced portfolio. That’s because they’re already diversified across companies or governments, sectors and geographies. Then it’s up to you to determine the mix between ETFs, according to your risk profile.

The graph below shows the return of a 100% share/equity portfolio (dark blue line) and a 100% bond portfolio (light grey line). It then shows the effect of diversifying your investment portfolio to varying degrees across equity securities and bonds.

Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. Source: VanEck, Bloomberg.

100% Equity Securities: consists of the Solactive Sustainable World Equity Index GTR;
100% Bonds: consists of the iBoxx Total Return € Liquid Sovereign Diversified 1-10 index;
Offensive Profile: consists of the Multi-Asset Growth Allocation Index;
Neutral Profile: consists of the Multi-Asset Balanced Allocation Index;
Defensive Profile: consists of the Multi-Asset Conservative Allocation Index.

The signature characteristics of each type of portfolio are evident. The investment portfolio with the largest bond holding (light grey line), the most defensive, does not depreciate as much in a falling market as the growth portfolio (cyan line). Yet, notably, the long-term return of the defensive portfolio is lower than that of a portfolio consisting entirely of equity securities.

Performance table of different strategies

Portfolio This Year 1 Year 3 Years (annualised)
100% Equity Securities 16.28% 32.07% 12.55%
Offensive Profile 11.69% 22.57% 9.31%
Neutral Profile 8.24% 16.45% 7.35%
Defensive Profile 4.49% 10.50% 5.56%
100% Bonds -1.79% 0.33% 2.54%

Source: VanEck. As of 30/6/2021.


Sample ETF investment portfolios

We have constructed some theoretical sample portfolios below, with differing risk profiles. They’re built from VanEck ETFs. Each invests in global and real estate equity securities, as well as government and corporate bonds listed in euros.

You easily can create these diversified investment portfolios yourself. All that’s required is four transactions via your bank or broker.

Portfolio rebalancing

It’s advisable to periodically rebalance your portfolio (perhaps once a year). This brings the weighting of your portfolio back to the intended mix shown above. Over time, balanced portfolios become skewed towards the type of investment that has performed best of all. For example, if the equity ETFs have risen sharply then their weighting will be higher. By selling some equity ETFs and buying fixed income ETFs, you bring the balance of your portfolio back into line. Learn more about investment portfolios and ETFs by following our Academy Course.

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