Gold Wavers Amid Market Euphoria
13 July 2023
Read Time 6 MIN
Not the dollar this time…
Gold was down $43.38 per ounce or 2.2% for the month, closing at $1,919.35 on 30 June. Two- and ten-year treasury yields climbed higher in June, but the U.S. dollar was not to be blamed for gold’s drop this time. The U.S. dollar index (DXY)1 was also down in June (-1.4%).
Instead, gold was pressured by the relentless strength of the U.S. equity markets, which were undeterred by the outlook for more rate hikes this year, or by the recession signals sent by the most deeply inverted treasury yield curve in decades. The S&P 5002 and the NASDAQ 1003 were both up more than 6.5% in June, posting double digit gains for the year with the tech-heavy NASDAQ up a whopping 39% in the first half of 2023. Apple closed the month at a milestone $3 trillion market cap, the world’s first company ever to reach such valuation.
A notable revision to first-quarter GDP annualized growth to 2% from 1.3%, along with other better-than-expected economic releases (e.g., U.S. May retail sales, housing starts, jobless claims, consumer sentiment), slowing inflation and comments from the U.S. Federal Reserve (Fed) chairman and Treasury Secretary downplaying the risk of a recession, likely fueled the optimism.
The NYSE Arca Gold Miners Index (GDMNTR)4 and the MVIS Global Juniors Gold Miners Index (MVGDXJTR)5 felt the pressure of a declining gold price, down 2.5% and 3.9% respectively during the month of June. Following what was a dreadful month for gold equities in May, we were pleased to see the equities performing much more in line with our expectations in June. We expect strong gold mining sector fundamentals in a year when average gold prices are at record highs ($1,934 in the first half of 2023), will lead to a progressive contraction of the valuation gap between the metal and the stocks.
Gold’s drivers still remain the same
Our outlook for higher gold prices in the longer term is unchanged, supported by the risks imposed by sustained elevated interest rates, sticky inflation, continued global geopolitical tensions, a trend by countries around the world to diversify away from the U.S. dollar and increase their gold reserves, and the pending risk of a U.S. and/or global economic recession. Investors continue to stay on the sidelines of the gold market. Global gold bullion ETF holdings, our proxy for investment demand, declined 1.64% during the month of June, leading to net outflows year-to-date of 1.21%.
Gold failed to hold above $1,950 per ounce. It may now trade sideways around the $1,900 level, until a new catalyst emerges. A Fed skip, signaling the nearing of the end of the tightening cycle, failed to provide impetus for gold and attract investors. But as the end of the hiking cycle approaches, the reasons for a pause (fear to launch the economy into a recession or into a deeper recession) and the implications on inflation, could become important gold price drivers.
SPECIAL – Walking on Gold: Junior Miners in the Alaska/Yukon Region
We divide our junior investments into producers, with mine production of up to 300,000 ounces per year, and developers, with properties under development that we believe can reach an economic reserve of at least two million ounces. We don’t invest in junior exploration stocks because we find them too speculative. While most explorers claim they’ve made a discovery, very few will ever meet our two-million-ounce threshold.
We often travel to exploration and development sites to help determine whether a property has the potential to meet our investment criterion. We recently spent time in the Yukon and Alaska to visit several promising projects in the Tintina Gold Province (yellow on map), where most of the gold deposits occur in and around Cretaceous (145 to 66 million years old) granitic intrusions scattered throughout the Tombstone Plutonic Belt (pink on map). The Tombstone Belt is about 70 miles wide and trends west-northwest through the Yukon. It is offset along the Tintina Fault, a major strike-slip fault that carried the western portion of the belt 300 miles to the northwest into Alaska during the Eocene Age (55.8 to 33.9 million years ago).
Map of Alaska’s Tintina Gold Province (yellow) and Tombstone Belt (pink). Source: Apex Geoscience Ltd. (May 2016).
Kinross’ Fort Knox mine is located in the Fairbanks gold district, Alaska in the western-most portion of the Tombstone Belt. Since 1996, Fort Knox has produced over 8 million ounces of gold from low-grade ores. We visited the Fairbanks district where Freegold Ventures (0.00% of Strategy net assets) is drilling its Golden Summit project. In February, Freegold announced a resource of 20.6 million ounces.i We also visited Banyan Gold’s (0.00% of Strategy net assets) AurMac property in the Mayo Gold district, Yukon. Banyan announced a 6.2-million-ounce resource in May.ii Both of these properties have good infrastructure with roads and power. However, both are low grade with resources under one gram per tonne (0.029 ounces per ton). The companies are working to further define the resources and their metallurgy (gold process/recoveries) in order to fully assess the economics.
At the eastern end of the Tombstone Belt we visited Snowline Gold’s (0.52% of Strategy net assets) Rogue property. Snowline announced the discovery of the Valley deposit in January 2022. While Snowline has yet to publish a maiden resource, drilling so far indicates that Valley is a multi-million-ounce deposit that crops out on surface. The photo shows Valley core drilled through a granodiorite intrusive that is riddled with gold-bearing sheeted quartz veins. This is classic Tombstone belt mineralization.
Gold-bearing core samples from Snowline’s Rogue property. Source: VanEck (June 2023).
Unlike Golden Summit and AurMac, Valley is remote. The camp is accessed by fixed wing aircraft and the Valley deposit is accessed via helicopter from there.
One of several small aircraft required to visit Snowline’s remote Valley deposit. Source: VanEck (June 2023).
Valley carries higher grades than most Tombstone belt deposits, but getting roads and power to the site will be a challenge. Snowline is working on the challenges while continuing to delineate Valley and explore other targets on the Rogue properties.
We reckon we walked over roughly 30 million ounces of undeveloped gold on our trip. Junior explorers and developers are the life blood of the gold industry. Explorers take the risks and developers do the work of taking a deposit from discovery to reserve and from permitting to production. Quality projects are often acquired by a larger producer along the way. Junior producer Victoria Gold (0.00% of Strategy net assets) and mid-tier producer B2Gold (4.32% of Strategy net assets) have taken strategic equity stakes in Banyan and Snowline respectively. This trip convinced us that there will surely be another major mine built along the Tombstone Belt.
1 The U.S. Dollar Index measures the value of the U.S. dollar relative to a basket of foreign currencies, often referred to as a basket of U.S. trade partners' currencies.
2 S&P 500 Index is a market-capitalization-weighted index of 500 leading publicly traded companies in the United States.
3 NASDAQ 100 Index is a modified market capitalization weighted index comprising the 100 largest, most actively-traded U.S. companies listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange.
4 NYSE Arca Gold Miners Index is a service mark of ICE Data Indices, LLC or its affiliates (“ICE Data”) and has been licensed for use by VanEck UCITS ETF plc. (the “Fund”) in connection with VanEck Gold Miners UCITS ETF (the “Sub-Fund”). Neither the Fund nor the Sub-Fund is sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by ICE Data. ICE Data makes no representations or warranties regarding the Fund or the Sub-Fund or the ability of the NYSE Arca Gold Miners Index to track general stock market performance. ICE DATA MAKES NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, AND HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE NYSE ARCA GOLD MINERS INDEX OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN. IN NO EVENT SHALL ICE DATA HAVE ANY LIABILITY FOR ANY SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOST PROFITS), EVEN IF NOTIFIED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. ICE Data Indices, LLC and its affiliates (“ICE Data”) indices and related information, the name "ICE Data", and related trademarks, are intellectual property licensed from ICE Data, and may not be copied, used, or distributed without ICE Data's prior written approval. The Fund have not been passed on as to its legality or suitability, and is not regulated, issued, endorsed, sold, guaranteed, or promoted by ICE Data.
5 MVIS®️ Global Junior Gold Miners Index is the exclusive property of MarketVector Indexes GmbH (a wholly owned subsidiary of Van Eck Associates Corporation), which has contracted with Solactive AG to maintain and calculate the Index. Solactive AG uses its best efforts to ensure that the Index is calculated correctly. Irrespective of its obligations towards MarketVector Indexes GmbH (“MarketVector”), Solactive AG has no obligation to point out errors in the Index to third parties. The VanEck Junior Gold Miners UCITS ETF is not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by MarketVector and MarketVector makes no representation regarding the advisability of investing in the Fund.
For informational and advertising purposes only.
This information originates from VanEck (Europe) GmbH which has been appointed as distributor of VanEck products in Europe by the Management Company VanEck Asset Management B.V., incorporated under Dutch law and registered with the Dutch Authority for the Financial Markets (AFM). VanEck (Europe) GmbH with registered address at Kreuznacher Str. 30, 60486 Frankfurt, Germany, is a financial services provider regulated by the Federal Financial Supervisory Authority in Germany (BaFin). The information is intended only to provide general and preliminary information to investors and shall not be construed as investment, legal or tax advice. VanEck (Europe) GmbH and its associated and affiliated companies (together “VanEck”) assume no liability with regards to any investment, divestment or retention decision taken by the investor on the basis of this information. The views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) but not necessarily those of VanEck. Opinions are current as of the publication date and are subject to change with market conditions. Certain statements contained herein may constitute projections, forecasts and other forward looking statements, which do not reflect actual results. Information provided by third party sources are believed to be reliable and have not been independently verified for accuracy or completeness and cannot be guaranteed. All indices mentioned are measures of common market sectors and performance. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.
All performance information is historical and is no guarantee of future results. Investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of principal. You must read the Prospectus and KIID before investing.
No part of this material may be reproduced in any form, or referred to in any other publication, without express written permission of VanEck.
© VanEck (Europe) GmbH