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With Gold at New Highs, Miners Consider More than Price

18 April 2024

Read Time 5 MIN

Gold closed at an all-time high in March; a disciplined, cautious and consistent approach to acquisitions may bode well for gold equities.

Monthly gold market and economic insights from Imaru Casanova, Portfolio Manager, featuring her unique views on mining.

Gold Reaches New All-Time Highs

After several failed attempts over the last three years, gold finally managed to break through its August 2020 high of $2,075 per ounce. This time, the breakout was decisive, with gold closing new all-times high every week in March. The strong rally took gold to a close of $2,229.87 per ounce on 28 March, a whopping 9.08% ($185.56 per ounce) monthly gain. Gold continued to set fresh highs in the first few days of April. While COMEX gold open interest and net long positioning did increase in March, gold bullion exchange traded fund holdings continued to decline, after a few days of net inflows.

We have been highlighting the widening valuation gap between gold and gold equities. In March, gold equities finally displayed their leverage to the gold price. This may mark the beginning of a long-anticipated trend reversal for gold mining equities. After years of underperformance against the metal, the NYSE Arca Gold Miners Index (GDMNTR)1 and the MVIS Global Juniors Gold Miners Index (MVGDXJTR)2 significantly outperformed gold in the month of March.

Where from Here?

We believe gold could have the potential to trade in a higher range – above the $2,000 per ounce level – in 2024. In recent years, strong rallies, such as the one gold has been enjoying this past month, have often been followed by periods of consolidation around an established, higher level with the metal trading in a sideways pattern until a new catalyst emerges driving prices even higher. The return of investment demand, as evidenced by inflows into global gold bullion ETFs, could be that catalyst, with a potential to drive gold above $2,500 per ounce, in our view.

For Miners, It’s About More Than Just the Gold Price…

A rising gold price environment has historically been accompanied by strong performance by gold equities. The sector outperformers must also demonstrate that they are fundamentally positioned and have a sound strategy that will translate higher gold prices into improved cash flow and higher returns, which will deliver growth. Organic growth does not come easy in the gold sector. Finding new gold deposits, or defining/expanding existing ones, is a difficult, lengthy, and capital-intensive process. Most senior and mid-tier companies struggle to simply replace their annual production. To significantly expand their depleting reserve and resource base, companies generally must acquire other companies or assets. All things equal, the more advanced a project is, the higher its valuation and the faster the company can deliver growth.

But acquiring the right projects is not easy either. Companies must achieve an acceptable balance between the price paid and the level of risk associated with the project, and they must demonstrate to markets their ability to deliver attractive returns. There were many terrible acquisitions in the past gold bull market when companies were rushing to increase production…at any cost. Gold stocks were punished for it, companies learned and today the sector leaders are disciplined and cautious acquirers.

Alamos + Argonaut: A Blueprint for Deal Making

Last month, Alamos Gold announced that it had entered into a definitive agreement to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of Argonaut Gold. There are several aspects of this transaction worth highlighting:

  • Alamos has a good acquisition track record. Today, the consensus net present value of its acquired asset base far exceeds its acquisition costs, demonstrating value creation. The market rewarded that successful execution history with the stock trading up 7% on the day the deal was announced (27 March), despite it being an all-share deal resulting in the issuance of shares representing about 5% of the company’s market cap.
  • Alamos expects to realize immediate synergies from the use of shared infrastructure, which combined with operating, procurement and tax savings should lead to more than $515M in synergies.

Alamos: demonstrating sound value creation via thoughtful acquisition

Acquisition Savings & Synergies

Alamos: Acquisition Savings and Synergies

1 Synergies pre-tax and undiscounted over life of mine; after-tax discounted value of synergies is $250m

Estimated NPV and FCF by Project

Alamos: Estimated NPV and FCF by Project

Source: Alamos Gold. Data as of March 2024.

1 Based on consensus analyst net present value (NPV) estimates

2 Cumulative free cash flow (FCF) generated since acquisition as of Q4 2023. Please refer to Cautionary Notes on non-GAAP Measures and Additional GAAP Measures

3 Acquisition cost based on the value of Richmont Mines on closing ($627 million), net of $58 million in cash on its balance sheet. Royalty & NPI repurchases totaled $71 million

  • The proposed transaction includes the spin out of Argonaut’s non-core assets to its existing shareholders as a newly created junior gold producer. Alamos existing shareholders don’t have to worry about the integration of these assets into Alamo’s portfolio.
  • Under the proposed transaction, Alamos will acquire Argonaut’s Magino mine, which is located adjacent to its Island Gold mine in Ontario, Canada, making this combination very logical. The integration of these two operations is significantly de-risked as a result, and will create one of the largest and lowest cost gold mines in Canada.
  • With the addition of Magino, Alamos’ assets in Canada will represent more than 85% of the company’s consensus net asset value, potentially leading to higher valuation multiples for the company to reflect an improved geopolitical risk profile.
  • The Magino mine reached commercial production in November 2023, so the acquired asset delivers immediate production (and cash flow) growth to Alamos, with an estimated mine life of 19 years and the potential for mine life extensions from a large mineral resource base.

Disciplined and Consistent Approach

Alamos management carefully executed the process to achieve this growth. It has long been in a position to make acquisitions given its strong balance sheet and cash flow generation. However, it was patient, choosing instead to deploy capital to extend and expand its existing mines, until the right opportunity came about. This acquisition is a slam dunk. Plain and simple. It makes sense, as highlighted by the points above. Alamos needs to demonstrate to the markets once again that it can unlock the promised value from this combination. This disciplined and consistent approach has earned the company a premium valuation relative to its peers and could lead to continued outperformance.

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Important Disclosures

All company, sector, and sub-industry weightings as of 31 March , 2024, unless otherwise noted.

Please note that VanEck may offer investments products that invest in the asset class(es) or industries included in this communication.

1 NYSE Arca Gold Miners Index is a service mark of ICE Data Indices, LLC or its affiliates (“ICE Data”) and has been licensed for use by VanEck UCITS ETF plc. (the “Fund”) in connection with VanEck Gold Miners UCITS ETF (the “Sub-Fund”). Neither the Fund nor the Sub-Fund is sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by ICE Data. ICE Data makes no representations or warranties regarding the Fund or the Sub-Fund or the ability of the NYSE Arca Gold Miners Index to track general stock market performance. ICE DATA MAKES NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, AND HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE NYSE ARCA GOLD MINERS INDEX OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN. IN NO EVENT SHALL ICE DATA HAVE ANY LIABILITY FOR ANY SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOST PROFITS), EVEN IF NOTIFIED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. ICE Data Indices, LLC and its affiliates (“ICE Data”) indices and related information, the name "ICE Data", and related trademarks, are intellectual property licensed from ICE Data, and may not be copied, used, or distributed without ICE Data's prior written approval. The Fund have not been passed on as to its legality or suitability, and is not regulated, issued, endorsed, sold, guaranteed, or promoted by ICE Data.

2 MVIS®️ Global Junior Gold Miners Index is the exclusive property of MarketVector Indexes GmbH (a wholly owned subsidiary of Van Eck Associates Corporation), which has contracted with Solactive AG to maintain and calculate the Index. Solactive AG uses its best efforts to ensure that the Index is calculated correctly. Irrespective of its obligations towards MarketVector Indexes GmbH (“MarketVector”), Solactive AG has no obligation to point out errors in the Index to third parties. The VanEck Junior Gold Miners UCITS ETF is not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by MarketVector and MarketVector makes no representation regarding the advisability of investing in the Fund.

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